Artificial Intelligence is taking over. Whether in politics or in the economy, some countries or companies have decided to entrust their destiny to algorithms in recent weeks.
In 1950, Alan Turing published a decisive article on the possible intelligence of machines. Considered today as one of the pioneers of Artificial Intelligence He also developed a test bearing his name to evaluate the behavior of the first computers in dialogue with humans.
Sixty-seven years later, the concept of artificial intelligence is firmly established. It is a field of computer science in which human intellectual capacities and mental processes are modeled and then programmed to be simulated: capacities of comprehension, reasoning, deduction, analysis, etc. And although the Turing test is the best intelligence test ever found, machines are getting better and better! Just like the human brain, they are now able to learn from their mistakes to improve their performance. From there, they are inviting themselves into circles that were previously foreign to them? Like politics or economy?
Politics in the field of AI
In 2019, one in four people in France were willing to let Artificial Intelligence (AI) make decisions important for the future of the country.
This figure was from a survey conducted in eight European countries by the IE University Research Center in Madrid. The result was the same for all respondents (2,500 people): 25% of Europeans were willing to let algorithms govern rather than politicians make the right decisions. This figure rose to 30% in Germany, Italy, Ireland, Great Britain, and even to 43% in the Netherlands.
And now, in Denmark, the step has been taken in 2022. A political party has decided to appoint an Artificial Intelligence as its leader. This group of artists, called the Synthetic (or artificial) Party, has set itself the goal of getting its member into the Danish parliament, and its program is based on an analysis of Artificial Intelligence.
Its name: Leader Lars. It's a chatbot similar to those found more and more on the Internet, and its particularity is to have ingested the political programs of the small Danish parties since 1970. More than 50 years of claims supposed to represent the ideas and values of the 20% of Danish abstentionists. To enrich its program, this AI also relies on online exchanges with Internet users.
In England, it is the House of Lords that has been religiously listened to an AI. The robot artist I-Da and its creator Aidan Meller have exchanged before a committee of the House of Lords on Tuesday, October 11. The robot answered questions presented in advance by the committee. In his somewhat curious speech, the automaton spoke about the need for artificial intelligence in art. Despite some malfunctions, Ai-Da answered all the questions.
And now, the economy...
In China, the economy has taken another step forward with Artificial Intelligence. Her name is Tang Yu and a few weeks ago she became CEO of Fujian-based NetDragron Websoft. This is the first time a humanoid robot controlled by artificial intelligence has reached this position.
Asia has always had a head start on the emergence of robots and artificial intelligence in people's daily lives. Yet, NetDragon Websoft has just taken an unprecedented step. This Chinese video game leader recently appointed a female robot controlled by artificial intelligence to head its subsidiary.
The robot is able to calculate risks and make the most objective and rational decisions possible. She can not only approve and sign documents like any CEO, but also manage projects, evaluate employee performance and decide on sanctions. "Tang Yu will streamline processes, improve the quality of work tasks and speed of execution," NetDragon claims. The company emphasizes his rationality and logic because, unlike humans, he has no feelings. The advantage of a robotic CEO is that he works around the clock, all without pay.